earl penrod picture.jpgThe Honorable Earl G. Penrod is the Senior Judge for the Indiana Office of Court Services and the American Bar Association Judicial Fellow in cooperation with NHTSA. “Tips to Testify” is his column of advice for law enforcement officers who interact with attorneys and courts in the course of their duties. His column appears in The LEL newsletter, which is a quarterly publication of the National LEL Program, and archives of his articles are posted below, as well.

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Recent Posts

Tips to Testify: Standard of Proof

October 30th, 2017|Comments Off on Tips to Testify: Standard of Proof

By Judge Earl G. Penrod

LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS regularly testify in criminal matters brought by the government against an individual. Law enforcement may also be called upon to testify in a […]

Tips to Testify: Written Reports: Past Recollection Recorded

July 27th, 2017|Comments Off on Tips to Testify: Written Reports: Past Recollection Recorded

By Judge Earl G. Penrod

THERE ARE TIMES WHEN AN OFFICER MAY testify in court many weeks, months or perhaps years following an event. As a result, it may be difficult […]

Tips to Testify: Lay Witnesses vs. Expert Witnesses

April 19th, 2017|Comments Off on Tips to Testify: Lay Witnesses vs. Expert Witnesses

By The Honorable Earl G. Penrod

MOST LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS WHO are called upon to testify are highly trained and skilled professionals. Through their education and experience, officers effectively assess and […]

Tips to Testify: Pro se, Pro Per and Self-Represented Litigants

January 16th, 2017|Comments Off on Tips to Testify: Pro se, Pro Per and Self-Represented Litigants

By The Honorable Earl G. Penrod

MOST LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS appreciate that testifying in court is an important responsibility and merits proper preparation. Being examined and cross-examined by aggressive attorneys can […]

Tips to Testify: Separation/Sequestration of Witnesses

October 6th, 2016|Comments Off on Tips to Testify: Separation/Sequestration of Witnesses

By The Honorable Earl G. Penrod

IN MANY TRIALS, witnesses are required to remain outside the courtroom during the case and are prohibited from hearing or discussing the testimony of other […]